Nov 23, 2020  
2019-2020 University Catalog 
    
2019-2020 University Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Courses


 
  
  •  

    PB 435 - Advertising and Promotion


    This course offers a detailed study of advertising and promotion, with an emphasis on the pharmaceutical and life sciences industry, and healthcare marketing communications. An integrated marketing communications perspective will be emphasized. The course will examine healthcare advertising and promotion utilizing a range of media outlets, including print, digital, television, consumer magazines, and other emerging channels.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PB 319 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PB 437 - International Marketing


    The international market for pharmaceuticals contributes a large part of the profits of many pharmaceutical companies. Decisions regarding entry and competition in these markets require knowledge of the global economy, entry strategies for international markets, licensing, contracts, cultural differences, risk management, payments, and strategies quite different from domestic policies. The course seeks to develop a basic understanding of the marketing of pharmaceuticals and medical devices in the international arena.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PB 319 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 452 - Legal Aspects of Drug Development, Production, and Marketing


    This course provides a critique and analysis of the various laws and regulatory bodies affecting the pharmaceutical industry. The interaction of regulatory affairs with other departments in a pharmaceutical company will be considered, with a special emphasis on research and development and marketing.
     

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 460 - Business Strategy


    This course focuses on the conceptual and operational models of strategic planning to deliver effective business-level and corporate-level strategies to achieve value creation and competitive advantage. The course is designed to introduce a wide variety of business strategy frameworks and methodologies with an emphasis on strategy formulation, assessment and implementation from a global, regional and local market perspective. 

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PB 478 - Pharmaceutical Marketing Research


    This course offers a general introduction to marketing research, with an emphasis upon pharmaceutical industry and healthcare marketing applications. Marketing research is at the heart of pharmaceutical strategy development, guiding research and development decisions as well as marketing management. This course examines qualitative and quantitative marketing research techniques, including statistical methods for hypothesis testing. Study of secondary research sources will include the pharmaceutical market audits. Although the course will emphasize research methods used in the ethical pharmaceuticals segment, techniques such as observational research and mall intercepts, which are used in the OTC segment, will also be introduced.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PB 319 and ST 310, or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PB 482 - Special Topics in Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Business III


    This is the third of four special topics courses, each of which focuses on relevant and important aspects of understanding the pharmaceutical and healthcare industry and developing skills needed to succeed in this business sector. The course content is subject to change from year to year and is intended to adjust content to be responsive to changing needs of the industry and educational requirements for our students.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: fourth-year undergraduate pharmaceutical and healthcare business student or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 483 - Special Topics in Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Business IV


    This is the fourth of four special topics courses, each of which focuses on relevant and important aspects of understanding the pharmaceutical and healthcare industry and developing skills needed to succeed in this business sector. The course content is subject to change from year to year and is intended to adjust content to be responsive to changing needs of the industry and educational requirements for our students.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: fourth-year undergraduate pharmaceutical and healthcare business student or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 490 - Senior Thesis Methodology


    The senior thesis is an undergraduate capstone project which includes independent, original data collection for the pharmaceutical and healthcare business (PHB) major. It is a self-directed course in which the student produces a body of work which demonstrates an integration of knowledge and skills from the courses taken while in the PHB program. In Senior Thesis Methodology, the student will select a topic area of interest to the student based on knowledge of current events and issues, analyze related literature from scholarly publications, plan and conduct data collection to support a hypothesis. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PHB U4 students or permission of the instructor) 

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 491 - Senior Thesis


    The senior thesis is an undergraduate capstone project which includes independent, original data collection for the pharmaceutical and healthcare business (PHB) major. It is a self-directed course in which the student produces a body of work which demonstrates an integration of knowledge and skills from the courses taken while in the PHB program. In Senior Thesis, the student will analyze their data collection and secondary research in support of the hypothesis they selected in PB 490. The student will develop a written thesis and explain and defend their project in the senior thesis class which will include a thorough evaluation of relevant literature pertaining to the selected topic. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PB 490)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PB 564 - Clinical Pharmacoeconomics (cross-listed as PA 564)


    An applied clinical introduction to pharmacy economics in healthcare delivery, with focus on the selection and monitoring of drug therapy and formulary management in the healthcare system. Various quantitative techniques will be covered.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 706 - Special Topics in Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Business


    This course is intended as a forum for studying current, innovative, or interdisciplinary topics in pharmaceutical and healthcare business. Its topic will, therefore, vary from term to term. Students’ assignments will be based upon the special topic being explored in the course.

    Credits: 1 to 3
  
  •  

    PB 707 - Issues and Trends in Health Policy (cross-listed as HP 707)


    This course provides an orientation to analytical and substantive components that are necessary for understanding current health policy issues. Students gain an awareness of the complexities of major issues, such as the uninsured, quality assessment and disparities in outcomes, their historical evolution, and the nature of how different interests and actors interact in shaping them. They also learn to apply commonly used frameworks for policy analysis to a range of current health policy issues and themes.

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PB 711 - Managerial and Financial Accounting


    This course provides the participant with an understanding of accounting terminology, how to read and analyze financial statements, how to develop product costs, and how to analyze and measure performance in the plant, with an emphasis on how to use some of the measurements outside of the manufacturing environment. Also, activity-based costing concepts are examined and applied in exercises, in addition to applying cost/volume profit analysis to marketing situations.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 721 - Managerial Finance


    This course covers the basics concepts of finance, including the ability to read key business statements such as balance sheets, income statements, and sources and uses statements. The course discusses the main forms of business organization and the finance function itself. The course continues with an overview of financial markets and institutions, as well as a description of the various major types of debt and equity. Students will learn fundamental financial concepts such as present value and future values, risk-and-return principles, and financial portfolio analysis. The course will pay particular attention to understanding the issues involved in long-term investment decisions, which are so critical to the pharmaceutical industry.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PB 711)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 722 - Corporate Finance


    This course covers concepts such as valuation principles, including the time value of money, interest rates, diversification, risk and return, debt, and equity, as well as the options. Investments and financial operations will also be addressed. The course will also examine the major questions of financial policy and planning, including long-term dividends and capital structure, investment analysis, restructuring, and long-term financial planning.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PB 721)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 731 - Business Statistics


    This course provides the student with an understanding of common statistical methods used in business analysis for marketing, operations, and R&D. It examines probability, sampling methods, measurement scales, measures of central tendency, dispersion, association statistical process control, and statistical quality control, as well as univariate and multivariate distributions of data structures. The course also introduces various statistical software packages, such as SPSS and SAS.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 741 - Team Dynamics—Human Resources Management


    Modern complex organizations have become flatter (fewer hierarchical layers) and more dependent upon formal and informal teams to coordinate work across functional areas. As a result, teams have become central to organizational effectiveness and adaptiveness.  The ability to successfully lead and perform on a team has become critical for both the organization and its members. This course covers the nature and practice of effective leadership in a team-based environment while defining the hallmarks of successful teams at both a human interaction and performance effectiveness levels. The course has the goal of enhancing the teamwork skills of each participant as well as providing a firm grasp of the inherent human dynamics necessary for team based work.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 742 - Leadership and Development


    Modern organizations are complex systems where significant change is very difficult. Regardless of one’s position or status, it is necessary to learn how to influence one’s organization and potentially lead, even in the absence of formal authority.  This course provides relevant theory and practical tools to help team members, middle managers and executives understand how to diagnose organizational complexity; build on natural influence skills and apply contemporary leadership theory to real work challenges.  Much of the course focuses on four organizational theory categories: structure, culture, people issues and power/politics.  Simulations and role plays are used to surface real world challenges and questions.  The outcome of the course is a document that describes each student’s individual planned approach to influence and lead. 

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 751 - Introduction to Marketing


    The course is designed to introduce the student to the basic concepts in marketing so students understand the similarities between pharmaceutical marketing and other industries in addition to the distinctive areas of pharmaceutical marketing. The course covers analyzing market opportunities, planning marketing programs, formulating product strategy, structuring the market mix, and managing the marketing program.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 752 - Introduction to Market Research


    This course examines qualitative methods, such as focus groups and individual in-depth interviews, and quantitative methods, such as self-administered questionnaires, conjoint analysis, discrete choice models, internet surveys, and various hybrid marketing research methods. Application of results in designing and testing marketing communications, SWOT analysis, and designing and evaluating marketing tactics will be explored.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PB 751 and PB 731)

     

    Credits: 2

  
  •  

    PB 753 - Pharmaceutical Marketing and Sales Management


    The course covers the distinctive features of the American healthcare market, including formulary decision making, managed care and third-party insurance providers, retail outlets, direct-to-consumer marketing, and government reimbursement issues. The tactical portion of the course is divided into three segments: (1) pharmaceutical marketing, (2) strategy and implementation, and (3) development of a comprehensive cross-functional tactical and promotional plan. Students will use teamwork to develop and present their plan.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PB 751)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 758 - Global Supply Chain


    This course explores a variety of supply chain challenges facing managers using both strategic and quantitative models. Particular areas of focus include global systems, sustainable practices, government regulation and quality assurance as well as enterprise coordination with marketing, operations, risk, quality, and financial managers. 

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 759 - Cannabis Marketing and Sales


    The course covers the distinctive features of the American cannabis market, including medical cannabis, adult use and the hemp industries. The tactical portion of the course is divided into three segments: (1) cannabis marketing and regulations, (2) strategy and implementation, and (3) development of a comprehensive cross-functional tactical and promotional plan. Students will use teamwork to develop and present their plan.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PB 751)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 761 - Competitive Analysis and Strategic Business Planning


    This course provides an in-depth understanding of the process of competitive analysis and business planning in the pharmaceutical industry. Focus will be on how to analyze the competition’s strengths and weaknesses, product life-cycle analysis, and therapeutic portfolio management.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PB 751)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 762 - Pharmaceutical Research and Development Management


    The course reviews, in depth, the elements of managing the research-and-development process in pharmaceutical companies. It includes an introduction to the major R&D components of drug discovery, preclinical development, clinical development, project management, and pharmaceutics. The course will take students through a case study of a drug development program.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 767 - Introduction to Medical Cannabis Industry


    This course provides an overview of the cannabis industry in the US. It examines the underpinning of the current laws and regulations governing the industry, reviews the growing and processing of cannabis plants, and describes the basics of the endocannabinoid system to provide a basic understanding of the pharmacology of cannabinoids. The course will further explore the business opportunities and pitfalls that the industry is facing.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 768 - Finance and Regulation of Cannabis Industry


    This course will provide a basic understanding of the regulations and financing framework currently shaping the cannabis industry. Topics include federal and state laws affecting the growing, processing, and sale of cannabis with a focus on taxation, banking, financing/venture capital and operating a cannabis business.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PB 711)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 771 - Regulation of Prescription Drugs and Ethical Issues


    Drug regulation spans the entire scope of the pharmaceutical business. The course addresses the role of regulatory agencies in manufacturing, marketing, and marketing support material. In addition, the course examines the role of regulatory agencies outside the United States in their own markets. In-depth attention is devoted to regulatory agencies in new product development and product safety overview. The course also covers the major ethical issues in the delivery of general healthcare and pharmaceutical healthcare from the perspective of public policy and the pharmaceutical industry.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 774 - Ethical Issues in Pharmaceutical Business


    This course addresses the role of ethics in the U.S. pharmaceutical industry, along with a brief discussion of ethical standards in the pharmaceutical markets of Europe, Asia, and other regions. Marketing, clinical trials, compliance, sales, and other pharmaceutical-related issues will be examined from an ethical perspective. In addition to specific ethical issues in the drug industry, general business and medical ethics will also be briefly covered.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 790 - Multidiscipline Strategic Management III


    MSM III is one of four one-semester courses scheduled throughout the MBA program.  This course is non-lecture based but is instead a student-centered-learning course.  The purpose of the course is to provide students with the opportunity to apply what they have learned in one core area of the program.  This MSM course will focus on the integration and application of  pharmaceutical research and development, regulations, pharmacoeconomics and health policies that impact product pricing, reimbursement and launch.

     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PB 762 and PB 771)

    Credits: 1

  
  •  

    PB 791 - Multidiscipline Strategic Management I


    MSM I is one of four one-semester courses scheduled throughout the MBA program.  This course is non-lecture based but is instead a student-centered-learning course.  The objective of this course is to provide beginning MBA students with an overview of relevant pharmaceutical and healthcare information.  This MSM course will focus on the integration of knowledge concerning political, social and environmental factors that influence the strategy and direction of the pharmaceutical and healthcare sector.

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PB 792 - Multidiscipline Strategic Management II


    MSM II is one of four one-semester courses scheduled throughout the MBA program. This course is non-lecture based but is instead a student-centered-learning course. The purpose of the course is to provide students with the opportunity to apply what they have learned in one core area of the program. This MSM course will focus on the integration and application of learning about market research, marketing, sales strategy, and competitive analysis.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PB 751, PB 752 and either PB 753 or PB 759)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PB 794 - Multidiscipline Strategic Management IV


    MSM IV is one of four one-semester courses scheduled throughout the MBA program.  This course is non-lecture based but is instead a student-centered-learning course.  The purpose of the course is to provide students with the opportunity to apply what they have learned in one core area of the program.  This MSM course will focus on the integration and application of accounting and managerial and corporate finance.

     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PB 711, PB 721, and PB 722)

    Credits: 1

  
  •  

    PB 798 - Multidiscipline Strategic Management V


    MSM V is one of four one-semester courses scheduled throughout the MBA program. This course is non-lecture based but is instead a student-centered-learning course. The purpose of the course is to provide students with the opportunity to apply what they have learned in one core area of the program. This MSM course will focus on the integration and application of learning about cannabis business practices, finance and regulations.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PB 767 and PB 768)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PB 840 - Health Economics (cross-listed as PA 840)


    This course equips the student with an understanding of the pharmacoeconomics of specific drugs as well as macroeconomic and microeconomic concepts, how to read and analyze economic and pharmacoeconomic reports, how to develop clinical economic studies, and how to analyze and measure inputs and outcomes. Tools covered include cost-benefit, cost-effectiveness, and cost-utility analysis. In addition, the course covers how to apply economic analysis to marketing situations.

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PB 870 - Internship and Independent Study in Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Business


    Independent study projects available to students to work in an area of particular interest under the direction of a faculty member in Mayes College of Healthcare Business and Policy. May be taken for one, two, or three credits depending upon the scope and workload of the project.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: permission of instructor and approval of department chair)

    (Note: course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 1 to 3

  
  •  

    PB 875 - The Future of Healthcare


    This course seeks to develop the student’s ability to analyze the environmental, political, internal, and external factors and leading indicators influencing the future structure of the healthcare industry. It provides the opportunity for students to demonstrate the synthesis and application of more basic skills learned in previous courses.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PB 752, PB 761, PB 771, and PB 880)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 880 - International Pharmaceutical Business


    This course provides an overview of global markets in the pharmaceutical industry. Global competitiveness based on the effects of national regulatory environments and economic and market factors will be explored. Issues such as the drug approval process, pricing decisions, and intellectual property will be discussed. May be taken on-campus or on a study trip to either Asia or Europe.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PB 751 and PB 791)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PB 888 - Methods of Inquiry and Analysis


    Methods of Inquiry and Analysis is a one-semester course scheduled prior to Capstone in the MBA program. This course is both lecture-based and a student-centered learning-course. The purpose of this course is to integrate what students have learned throughout the MBA program with the goal of preparing students for Capstone. Students will develop a Capstone Proposal, which will include the following components; Background, Literature Review, Hypothesis, and Methodology. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: Permission of MBA Director) 

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PB 890 - Capstone: Global Business Strategies


    This summative capstone course provides an opportunity for students to apply integrated learnings from the MBA program in a final project.  Students successfully completing the capstone project demonstrate critical thinking concerning an issue or problem within the pharmaceutical or healthcare business domain.  The final project will include a presentation by the student to department faculty.

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PC 181 - Pharmacology/Toxicology Orientation I


    Introduction to University life and to pharmacology and toxicology, including current topics, expectations, and opportunities in the field.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PC 282 - Pharmacology/Toxicology Orientation II


    Continuation of PC 181. Introduction to research literature in pharmacology/toxicology.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PC 301 - Physiology I


    Correlation of morphological, biochemical, and functional organization of the human body as related to both normal physiology and disease processes. Topics include introduction to pathophysiology; hematology and immunology; and nervous, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 or BS 133, and PY 202 or PY 205; prerequisite or corequisite: BS 212)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 302 - Physiology II


    Continuation of PC 301. Topics include gastrointestinal system with nutrition and metabolism; urinary system; respiratory system; endocrine-reproductive system; and special topics such as skin, breast, vision, and hearing.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 301 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 305 - Fundamentals of Pharmacology


    Basic principles and therapeutic approaches to the treatment of diseases. Students will be introduced to the role and actions of drugs and their classes as they relate to biological receptors, disease, health, and body systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: CH 346 or CH 340, and BS 206 or BS 310, or 4th-year pharmaceutical sciences major or 3rd-year physician assistant major or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 320 - Techniques in Pharmacology and Toxicology


    A laboratory course designed to familiarize students with standard methodology used to assess drug and chemical safety.
     

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PC 324 - Pharmacology and Toxicology Seminar I


    Presentation by students and discussion of primary scientific literature in pharmacology and toxicology by students and faculty.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PC 330 - Biomethods in Pharmacology and Toxicology


    Survey of biological methods employed in pharmacology and toxicology to assess efficacy and safety of drugs and chemicals. Experiments are designed to illustrate pharmacological principles and to detect and evaluate potential local and systemic toxicities.
     

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 331 - Biochemical Pharmacology and Toxicology


    Consideration of substances of pharmacological and toxicological importance with emphasis on the biochemical methodology used to assess their cellular and molecular or cellular mechanisms of action, biotransformation, and elimination.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 302 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 340 - Introduction to Neuropsychopharmacology


    This course will provide a working knowledge of the neurobiological and neurochemical basis of behavior and the mechanism by which drugs influence synaptic neurotransmission to alter behavior and function in neurologic and psychiatric disorders. No prior courses in pharmacology are required. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Note: U3, U4, P1, P2, P3)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 352 - Cardiovascular Pathophysiology


    This elective extends basic knowledge of cardiovascular physiology, focusing on the pathological characterization and development of cardiovascular disease. Molecular and cellular aspects of disease pathogenesis will be linked to understand etiology, symptomology, and pathology, linking diagnostic measures and biomarkers with multi-factorial processes common to age-related diseases.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 301)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PC 395 - Research Experience


    This course is a research opportunity for students to work with a faculty mentor (or faculty’s lab team members) to gain insight and skills in research literature interpretation, hypothesis testing, laboratory measures, and data analysis. The course is pass/fail, with specific objectives and expectations agreed upon by mentor and students, and can be taken multiple times.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: approval by faculty mentor and course coordinator)

    (Note: course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 1 to 4 (determined by faculty mentor and student)

  
  •  

    PC 401 - Toxicology I


    Introduction, scope, and fields of toxicology, as well as methods and design of acute, subacute, and chronic toxicity studies. Introduction to pathology and mechanisms of cell injury.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 302)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 402 - Toxicology II


    An examination of the effects of toxicants on respiratory, cardiovascular, reproductive, and central nervous systems and on blood, bone marrow, liver, kidney, skin, and sensory organs.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 401)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 411 - Principles of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology


    This course will introduce concepts involved in drug actions in the body. Principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics will be explored from a theoretical standpoint with integration of chemical and biological principles.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: CH 346/356, and PC 301/302 or BS 205/206)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 412 - Pharmacology I


    This course will describe pharmacological classes of therapeutic agents with an emphasis on mechanism of action at the cellular and organ level.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 411 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 424 - Pharmacology and Toxicology Seminar II


    Formal science-based presentations by students using primary scientific literature.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 324)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PC 440 - Pharmacology


    This course will describe pharmacological classes of therapeutic agents with an emphasis on mechanism of action at the cellular and organ level. Students will attend three lectures per week from PC 412. An additional hour will be devoted to interactive learning and student applications of learning principles.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 411 or permission of coordinator)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 450 - Analysis of Scientific and Medical Publications: Retractions, Publication Ethics, and Adverse Consequences


    The purpose of this course is to use the information learned from retracted scientific papers in the medical/pharmaceutical field to teach many aspects of scientific publication. The class will discuss the specific reasons for the retractions, for example, errors in data, plagiarism, or fraudulent data including manipulated photo images. Using data from subsequent publications that led to the particular retraction, we will analyze the original data in terms of the rigor of statistics, reproducibility, and hints of data manipulation. We will also analyze the impact of the retracted papers on the scientific concepts and to public health. A retracted paper means that the particular data no longer exist in the literature; therefore in this course, we will discuss the ethics and responsibility of authorship, including coauthors. We will also discuss the process of scientific publication and the peer review process that varies widely among journals. Examples of the adverse consequences of retracted papers to medical science, to the biomedical community, and to the public at large will be given in class and discussed in terms of the responsibility of scientists and the ethics in scientific publications. For students electing to receive a letter grade in the course, two written assignments will be required.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PC 302 and CH 356)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PC 495 - Independent Research Project in Pharmacology/Toxicology


    This course is a research opportunity for students to work with a faculty mentor (or faculty’s lab team members) to gain insight and skills in research literature interpretation, hypothesis testing, laboratory measures, and data analysis, as well as research summarization and conclusion generation, with poster preparation and data presentation to a broad audience. Faculty mentor and student should agree upon the specific objectives and expectations for the course at the beginning of the course; usually the course will follow one or more PC 395 courses, with the added course requirement here for preparation and presentation of data at a local or regional science meeting. This course can be taken multiple times.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PC 395 or equivalent and approval by faculty mentor and course coordinator)

    Credits: 1 to 4 (determined by faculty mentor and student)
  
  •  

    PC 512 - Pharmacology II


    This course will continue descriptions of pharmacological classes of therapeutic agents with an emphasis on mechanism of action at the cellular and organ level. A portion of the course will be devoted to interactive learning and student applications of learning principles.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 412)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PC 701 - Physiology I


    Correlation of morphologic, biochemical, and functional organization of the human body as related to both normal physiology and disease processes. Graduate students attend scheduled lectures in PC 301, complete graduate study assignments based on relevant research literature, and take separate exams.
     

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 702 - Physiology II


    Continuation of PC 701. Lecture attendance in PC 302, study assignments on relevant research literature, and separate exams.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 701)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 703 - Pharmacology I


    Study of pharmacodynamics and toxicity of diagnostic and therapeutic agents. Principles of drug absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and elimination are covered. Consideration of antimicrobials, cancer chemotherapeutics, autonomic pharmacology, and neuropharmacologic agents. Graduate students attend lectures in PC 311, complete graduate study assignments based on relevant research literature, and take separate exams.
     

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 711 - Principles of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology


    This course will introduce concepts involved in drug actions in the body. Principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics will be explored from a theoretical standpoint with integration of chemical and biological principles.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: CH 346/356 and PC 301/302 or BS 205/206, or equivalent)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 740 - Pharmacology


    This course will describe pharmacological classes of therapeutic agents with an emphasis on mechanism of action at the cellular and organ level. Students will attend three lectures per week from PC 412. An additional hour will be devoted to interactive learning and student applications of learning principles.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 711 or permission of coordinator)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PC 760 - Biopharmaceutical Proteins: Principles and Applications


    This class introduces theory, techniques, applications and ongoing research on biopharmaceutical proteins. It covers the process of translating a protein drug from bench to bedside. Students are expected to understand and analyze the processes of protein drug development (target validation, protein expression and purification, protein drug modification and formulation, and therapeutic evaluation) utilizing interdisciplinary knowledge and methods of molecular and cellular biology, structural biology, biochemistry, computational chemistry, medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutics.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission from instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 799 - Research (Master’s Level)


    Candidates for the master of science degree complete an independent research project, equivalent to at least 10 research credits, under the direction of an Advisory Committee of graduate faculty.

    Credits: 1 to 12
  
  •  

    PC 801 - Research Literature in Pharmacology and Toxicology


    Weekly presentations by graduate students and faculty on current research papers from journals relevant to the fields of pharmacology and toxicology, followed by group discussion. Attendance and active participation are required during fall and spring semesters.
     

    Credits: 1 for 2 semesters’ attendance
  
  •  

    PC 811 - Research Techniques Laboratory


    During the first year of enrollment, each student satisfactorily completes an experiential rotation through the research laboratories of at least two departmental graduate faculty and selects a primary research topic.
     

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 821 - Molecular Pharmacology


    This is an advanced pharmacology course with a focus on cell signal transduction. Major mammalian signaling pathways will be reviewed and how therapeutics, especially anticancer therapeutics, perturb these signaling pathways for therapeutic purposes will be discussed. Instructors will provide appropriate recent review and research papers to the class. Students are required to read these papers and actively participate in class discussion. Students are also required to write a mock research proposal and present it in class.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 711 or permission from instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 822 - Drug Discovery for Neurodegenerative Disorders


    The goal of this course is to examine the drug discovery process for neurodegenerative disorders. Using Alzheimer’s disease as a model, we will examine the diagnosis, epidemiology, current therapeutics, and strategies for drug discovery. The in vitro disease models with resulting outcomes in translational studies will be discussed. A the end of the course students will utilize NIH guidelines to develop their own proposal for future studies. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PC 411 or PC 711 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 851 - Advanced Pharmacology and Toxicology I


    This advanced course of molecular pharmacology focuses on cell signal transduction. It will provide students with a fundamental understanding of cell signaling mechanisms of current therapeutics. All major mammalian signaling pathways will be covered. An additional objective of this course is to give students experience in critical reading and discussing scientific literature and writing a short grant proposal.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructors)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 852 - Advanced Pharmacology and Toxicology II


    This advanced course will focus on organ toxic effects and mechanisms. Toxicity induced by environmental toxins, drugs, and other chemicals on major organs and systems will be covered. In addition to attending lectures, graduate students will critically review current literature and write term papers on related topics.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructors)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 853 - Advanced Pharmacology and Toxicology III


    Instruction and group discussion of topics related to the research interests and expertise of departmental faculty. Theory and experimental techniques, analysis and interpretation of data, and critical review of the literature are emphasized. Topics vary according to instructor preferences; two faculty members participate each semester.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructors)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 854 - Advanced Pharmacology and Toxicology IV


    Instruction and group discussion of topics related to the research interests and expertise of departmental faculty. Theory and experimental techniques, analysis and interpretation of data, and critical review of the literature are emphasized. Topics vary according to instructor preferences; two faculty members participate each semester.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructors)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PC 880 - Pharmacology and Toxicology Graduate Seminar


    Reports on current research topics by guest scientists, departmental faculty, and graduate students, followed by group discussion. Attendance and participation are required during fall and spring semesters.
     

    Credits: 1 for 2 semesters’ attendance
  
  •  

    PC 899 - Doctoral Research


    Candidates for the doctor of philosophy degree fulfill their thesis-directed research requirement, equivalent to at least 20 research credits, under the supervision of an Advisory Committee of graduate faculty.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Note: course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 1 to 12
  
  •  

    PE 101 - Physical Education I


    Instruction in individual lifetime sports activities, group exercises, group experiences in competitive games, personal fitness programs, and corrective individual exercises.
     

    Credits: 0
  
  •  

    PE 102 - Physical Education II


    Continuation of PE 101.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PH 103 - Pharmaceutical Sciences Orientation I


    Introduction to academic life, the program, and professional issues. Includes utilization of the library and faculty presentations.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PH 203 - Pharmaceutical Sciences Orientation II


    The course introduces students to the different steps in the new drug development process and familiarizes them with FDA regulations pertaining to each of these steps.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PH 302 - General Pharmaceutics


    Provides the physicochemical and pharmaceutical principles for understanding the development, preparation, and stability testing of pharmaceutical dosage forms.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PH 304 - Introduction to Pharmaceutics


    Study of the physicochemical and pharmaceutical principles used to understand the development, behavior, formulation, and stability of dosage forms.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PH 305 - Pharmaceutical Calculations


    Provides a common approach to interpret mathematical problems in pharmacy and a systematic methodology to solve these problems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PA 244 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PH 310 - Special Topics in Pharmaceutics


    An introductory survey of specific current innovations that will shape drug therapy.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PH 316 - Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics I


    Provides the physicochemical and pharmaceutical principles for understanding the development, behavior, preparation, and stability of pharmaceutical dosage forms and drug delivery systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: MA 102, CH 202, and PY 202, or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PH 317 - Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics II


    Study of the fundamental principles of rate processes and their application to predicting and computing the rate of drug dissolution, absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and pharmacological action.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: PH 316 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PH 318 - Pharmaceutics Laboratory


    This course is designed to give the student practical experience in pharmaceutical compounding techniques. Students will compound such dosage forms as oral, ophthalmic, and parenteral solutions (liquid); powders, capsules, tablets, and suppositories (solid); and emulsions, suspensions, and ointments (semisolids).
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite or corequisite: PH 316 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PH 391 - Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar I


    Pharmaceutical topics of ongoing and current interest are reviewed and presented by students, followed by questions from the audience. Emphasis is placed on learning to prepare and deliver a presentation.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PH 398 - Research Methods in Pharmaceutics


    The course will familiarize students with research techniques including chromatography, dissolution, electrophoresis, protein assays, and cell culture.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: pharmaceutical sciences major or course coordinator permission)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PH 399 - Project in Pharmaceutics


    Opportunity for qualified students to carry out a research project under the direction of a pharmaceutical sciences faculty member. Preparation of a research report on the basis of primary data and/or an extensive literature search.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PH 400 - Cosmetic Science


    An examination of the development and use of cosmetic products with emphasis on formulations.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: pharmaceutical sciences major or PharmD major or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PH 401 - Cosmetics Laboratory


    Development of cosmetic formulations using various raw material ingredients.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite or corequisite: PH 400)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PH 402 - Controlled-Release Dosage Forms


    Study of controlled-release (CR) drug dosage forms. Covers drug release profiles from conventional and nonconventional systems and their relevance in therapeutic outcomes.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: pharmaceutical sciences major of PharmD major or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    PH 404 - Topics in Pharmaceutics


    Study of the physicochemical, pharmaceutical, and biopharmaceutical principles used in the development of drug delivery systems.
     

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PH 416 - Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics


    Provides the physicochemical and pharmaceutical principles for understanding the development, behavior, preparation, and stability of pharmaceutical dosage forms and drug delivery systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: MA 102, CH 202, PY 205 and PH 305, and P2 PharmD student status)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    PH 417 - Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics II


    Study of the fundamental principles of rate processes and their application to predicting and computing the rate of drug dissolution, absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and pharmacological actions.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PH 305 and PH 416)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    PH 418 - Pharmaceutics Laboratory


    This course is designed to give the student practical experiences in pharmaceutical compounding techniques and to illustrate fundamental principles of pharmaceutical dosage forms.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: P2 PharmD student status, MA 102, CH 202, and either PY 202 or PY 205; prerequisites or corequisites: PH 305 and PH 416)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    PH 450 - Manufacturing Pharmacy


    Technology involved in the industrial preparation of dosage forms such as oral solids (compressed tablets and capsules) and oral fluids. Emphasis through the course is placed on good manufacturing practices (GMP).
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: pharmaceutical sciences major or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 2
 

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