May 16, 2022  
2020-2021 University Catalog 
    
2020-2021 University Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Courses


 
  
  •  

    AC 101 - Elementary Arabic I


    Students in this course will develop the ability to use Arabic functionally and communicatively in context. This course will include intensive oral interaction with the instructor and fellow students. The basics of the writing system and Arabic phonology will also be covered.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Note: Not offered every year)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AC 102 - Elementary Arabic II


    Developing further language ability through learning how to perform certain functions orally and using them with fellow students, as well as reading and writing passages reflecting their abilities.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: AC 101 or permission of instructor)
    (Note: Not offered every year)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AD 100 - Developing Academic Success


    This course is designed to assist students with demonstrated academic needs including but not limited to students on academic probation. The course will focus on the development of skills necessary for academic success such as time management, study skills, approaching faculty for assistance, and using campus resources. The course will also serve as a support group so that students can learn from peers and recognize common issues.  This course may not be used to fulfill any graduation requirements.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    AD 105 - Developing Professional Behaviors


    Through reading, writing, in-class presentations, and other projects, students will increase their knowledge of ethics, decision making, personal planning, resource utilization, and professional communication skills.  This course may not be used to fulfill any graduation requirements.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Not offered every semester)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    AN 103 - Introduction to Anthropology


    This is a survey-level introduction to anthropology, which can be defined as the holistic study of the human species. The course uses the four subfields of anthropology—biological, cultural, linguistic, and archeological—to understand the diversity of the human species in time and space.
     

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 201 - Health and Societies


    This course provides an anthropological perspective of how our development as a species, and our existence as societies of people living in different places and times, affects our health, how we get sick, and how we interpret these conditions. It includes units on human evolution, cross cultural healthcare, anthropology and international health, and culturally competent health communication.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 104, BS 131, AN 103, PS 101, or SO 101)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 202 - Forensic Anthropology (cross-listed as FS 202)


    This course presents techniques and perspectives that biological anthropologists bring to investigations involving human remains (forensic). Topics include human osteology, the recovery of bodies, the analysis of life history, the reconstruction of causes of death, and various case studies where anthropologists have contributed significantly to solving forensic cases. Discussions will include the limitations of forensic anthropology and the application of DNA recovery to skeletal/mummified materials.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120, BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137, and AN 103, or SO 101)

    (Note: must be taken in the second year)

    Credits: 3

  
  •  

    AN 301 - Medical Anthropology


    The course surveys the field of medical anthropology, which is commonly viewed as a branch of socio-cultural anthropology that intersects with the concerns of biological (physical) anthropology, medicine, and public health. The course also explores how medical anthropology addresses social issues such as health disparities and culturally competent healthcare.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: must be in the second year or beyond and have completed any of the following: AN 103, PS 101, or SO 101)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 314 - Peoples and Cultures of Latin America


    This course is an anthropological introduction to the history and culture of Latin America. The lectures, films, readings, and museum exhibits will explore issues such as indigenous identities, political and human rights struggles, and health and healing. Since this is a course in anthropology we will examine ethical debates regarding anthropological research in the region. We will also explore transnational migration as an economic survival strategy for many Latin Americans.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: AN 103, PS 101, or SO 101)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AN 399 - Independent Study in Anthropology


    Available to students to work on a community-based or cross-cultural research project, or more in-depth reading, under the direction of a faculty member in the department. May be taken more than once, for one, two, or three credits. 
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 1 to 3
  
  •  

    AN 498 - Directed Research in Anthropology


    Independent research opportunities in anthropology are available to self-directed, motivated students to expand their knowledge in an area of particular interest under the direction of a faculty member of the department. The student must plan the study with the faculty member during the semester preceding the semester in which the study is to begin. Preparation of an acceptable research paper and annotated bibliography is required. In-depth knowledge of the area selected will be expected.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: an introductory anthropology course [e.g., AN 103 or AN 201], a research methodology course, and permission of instructor)

    (Course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 3

  
  •  

    AR 101 - Art Appreciation


    Art exploration and discussion of the various periods, time, and artists in the history of art.
     

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AR 201 - Drawing


    An introduction to the principles of drawing.
     

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    AR 340 - Special Topics in Art


    Topics explore art, photography, art history, art theory, studio art, performance art, or a related interdisciplinary combination.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: WR 101)

    (Course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 3

  
  •  

    BI 291 - Primer for Computational Biology I


    This course is the first in a two-semester sequence aimed at equipping students with a background in basic chemistry, biochemistry and molecular biology, in the context of computation and modelling in diverse areas such as genomics and computer-aided drug design. This first course introduces the basics of chemical structure, chemical reactions, and the structure and function of biological marcomolecules (proteins and nucleic acids). 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: CH102/CH104 or CH 112/CH 114 or permission by instructor) 

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 292 - Primer for Computational Biology II


    This course is the second in a two-semester sequence aimed at equipping students with a background in basic chemistry, biochemistry and molecular biology, in the context of computation and modelling in diverse areas such as genomics and computer-aided drug design. This second course focuses on molecular biology, including gene transformation, with emphasis on how pathways can be modulated for therapeutic purposes. Public domain databases and tools for genomic, proteomic and system analysis will be introduced. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 291) 

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 395 - Independent Study in Bioinformatics


    This course is designed to allow undergraduate students to perform independent study in a subdiscipline of bioinformatics under the guidance of a faculty member in the bioinformatics program. This course may be taken in multiple semesters.
    Variable hrs, depending on credits

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)

    Credits: 1 to 3
  
  •  

    BI 400 - Bioinformatics Seminar


    This capstone course is designed to allow undergraduate students to investigate and to learn about current topics in bioinformatics. A major portion of the course will be formal oral presentations by students on articles in the primary scientific literature. Students will be expected to critically evaluate research data for their own presentations and from the presentations given by fellow students.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BI 425 - Bioinformatic Computing


    This course will cover basic topics concerning computing and computer programming in modern bioinformatics research. The focus will be on operating systems including file system navigation, text editors, advanced commands and system administration, and on fundamentals of programming. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BI 292 or CH 340 or CH 341 or CH 346 or BS 466)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 450 - Bioinformatics I: Genomics


    The fundamentals of bioinformatics and genomics will be presented. This course will incorporate topics from molecular biology and genomics to computer science and database management. Students will be exposed to current bioinformatics software programs and web-based molecular analysis tools. An analysis of genomes will be explored. 
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 292, CH 340, CH 341, CH 346, or BS 466)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 451 - Bioinformatics II


    A first course in algorithms, with applications to bioinformatics, and with implementation using the C programming language. Topics include applications of exhaustive search and greedy algorithms (sequence motifs, genome rearrangements, clustering, and tree construction), dynamic programming methods, sequence alignment, and graph-theoretic algorithms.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 465 - Microarray Technology


    This course will cover a variety of topics concerning microarray technology. Fundamental and advanced concepts in microarray design, construction, utilization, and analysis will be addressed. The course will be taught as a combination of lecture and computer-based data analysis.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 468 - High-Throughput Sequencing and Microarray Technology (cross-listed as BI 768)


    This course will cover a variety of topics concerning high-throughput sequencing (HTS) and microarray technology. Fundamental and advanced concepts in HTS, including sequencing platforms, assembling, mapping, variant calling, and RNASeq, along with microarray design, construction, utilization and analysis will be addressed.  The course will be taught as a combination of lecture and computer-based data analysis.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 475 - Proteomics


    This course will cover a variety of proteomic topics with a special focus on protein structure determination and prediction. Widely used experimental techniques such as mass spectrometry, NMR, and X-ray, as well as computational techniques, will be presented. The course will be taught as a combination of lectures, demonstrations, and hands-on exercises.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 481 - Systems Architecture for Bioinformatics (cross-listed as BI 781)


    This course covers a variety of topics in the development of software applications that integrate diverse components, including network resources, databases and web applications, to implement solutions for bioinformatics computing. While the focus will be on applications in the area of bioinformatics, the course will be suitable for all students with a background in computing and a basic understanding of the fundamental concepts of molecular biology. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 451 or CS 201, or permission of instructor) 

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 485 - Advanced Algorithms for Bioinformatics (cross-listed as BI 785)


    This course will cover a broad variety of computational approaches for data analysis, simulation, and machine learning. While the focus will be on applications in the area of bioinformatics, the course will be suitable for all students with a background in computing and a basic understanding of the fundamental concepts of molecular biology.  

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BI 451 and BI 480/BI 780, or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 490 - Special Topics in Bioinformatics


    This course is designed to give students the opportunity to explore current topics in bioinformatics. The specific topic will rotate on an annual basis. Topics may include functional genomics and microarray analysis, proteomics, molecular phylogenetics, and advanced computer programming in bioinformatics.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 495 - Directed Research in Bioinformatics


    This course is designed to allow undergraduate students to perform independent research in a subdiscipline of bioinformatics under the guidance of a faculty member. This course may be taken in multiple semesters.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)

    (Course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 1 to 3

  
  •  

    BI 745 - Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics


    This course will present fundamental concepts of molecular evolution and a survey of the computational algorithms that are employed to construct phylogenetic trees and to estimate pertinent biological data from phylogenetic reconstruction.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 451)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 755 - Advanced Probability for Bioinformatics


    This course will present concepts and methods of advanced probability theory with application to problems in bioinformatics. Topics will include Bayesian probability and statistics, stochastic methods, information theory, and a variety of probabilistic inference methods.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: ST 310 and BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 768 - High-Throughput Sequencing and Microarray Technology (cross-listed as BI 468)


    This course will cover a variety of topics concerning high-throughput sequencing (HTS) and microarray technology. Fundamental and advanced concepts in HTS, including sequencing platforms, assembling, mapping, variant calling, and RNASeq, along with microarray design, construction, utilization and analysis will be addressed.  The course will be taught as a combination of lecture and computer-based data analysis.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 450)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 775 - Proteomics


    This course will cover a variety of proteomic topics with a special focus on protein structure determination and prediction. Widely used experimental techniques such as mass spectrometry, NMR, and X-ray, as well as computational techniques, will be presented. The course will be taught as a combination of lectures, demonstrations, and hands-on exercises.
     

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 780 - Advanced Systems Analysis and Design for Bioinformatics


    This course focuses on the design and implementation of web-based bioinformatics applications. Topics include relational database management and SQL; fundamentals of HTML, XML, and style sheets; client/server programming using PHP, JavaScript, and mySQL; and basic AJAX techniques. Students will develop complete client/server projects in the course of the semester.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 451 or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 781 - Systems Architecture for Bioinformatics (cross-listed as BI 481)


    This course covers a variety of topics in the development of software applications that integrate diverse components, including network resources, databases and web applications, to implement solutions for bioinformatics computing. While the focus will be on applications in the area of bioinformatics, the course will be suitable for all students with a background in computing and a basic understanding of the fundamental concepts of molecular biology. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BI 451 or CS 201, or permission of instructor) 

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 785 - Advanced Algorithms for Bioinformatics (cross-listed as BI 485)


    This course will cover a broad variety of computational approaches for data analysis, simulation, and machine learning. While the focus will be on applications in the area of bioinformatics, the course will be suitable for all students with a background in computing and a basic understanding of the fundamental concepts of molecular biology.  
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BI 451 and BI 480/BI 780, or permission of instructor)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BI 790 - Project in Bioinformatics


    In this course, the student will select a real-world bioinformatics problem to solve in collaboration with a mentor in industry or academia. The student will devise a solution in cooperation with the mentor and independently implement it. The student will be encouraged to develop a contemporary approach using web-based tools. May be taken for two semesters.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: status as a matriculated student in the graduate bioinformatics program and permission of instructor)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BI 860 - Special Topics in Bioinformatics


    This course is designed for the exploration of specific topics in the field of bioinformatics. Subject areas will usually be cutting-edge topics in the field or an in-depth examination of a specific subdiscipline in bioinformatics. Different course formats may be used including lecture, seminar, or laboratory.
     

    Credits: 2 to 3
  
  •  

    BI 880 - Directed Study in Bioinformatics


    The Directed Study course will provide the opportunity for individual study in the field Bioinformatics under the direction of a faculty member in any of the departments associated with the Bioinformatics program. Students interested in this option must approach a faculty member with a proposed course of study. The faculty member must agree to direct the student, and furthermore the student and faculty member must agree to a plan for evaluating the student’s performance in the course. The proposal must be submitted to the graduate program director for Bioinformatics for approval. The directed study course, if approved and successfully completed, may be applied as elective credit toward a graduate Bioinformatics degree.

    Credits: 1-3
  
  •  

    BI 898 - Graduate Seminar


    Current literature topics and research in bioinformatics will be analyzed in writing and presented orally.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 101 - Biological Sciences Orientation


    Introduction to the biological sciences, including current developments and future prospects. Designed to prepare students for current studies and future careers. Required for all first-year biology, biomedical sciences, environmental science, medical laboratory science, and microbiology students; open to all interested students.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 109 - General Biology I


    This course introduces students to basic principles in biology with emphasis on: the scientific method; cellular chemistry, structure and function, communication, respiration, and division; gene expression and regulation. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Corequisite: BS 110)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 110 - General Biology I Laboratory


    This is a laboratory-based course to be taken with General Biology I. This laboratory allows students to participate in the scientific method through various experiments. Students will perform hypothesis-based experiments on a variety of topics, which may include macromolecule composition, microscopy, osmolarity, enzyme activity, fermentation, and biotechnology. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Corequisite: BS 109)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 119 - General Biology II


    This course is a continuation of BS 105. It is a study of basic principles of biology emphasizing: genetics, evolution, diversity with in the three domains of life (Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya), ecology, and global climate change. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 109; corequisite: BS 120). 

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 120 - General Biology II Laboratory


    This is a laboratory-based course to be taken with General Biology II. Students will engage in experiments that focus on Mendelian and population genetics and microbiology. Additionally, students will observe live and preserved specimens to investigate plant and animal diversity. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 109; corequisite: BS 119). 

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 132 - Introductory Biology I


    An introduction to basic biological principles with an emphasis on cellular and molecular biology. Major topics include molecular makeup of a cell, cell structure, cellular respiration, cell to cell communication, cell division, gene expression, and gene regulation. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Corequisite: BS 134 or BS 136)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 133 - Introductory Biology II


    This course is a continuation of BS 132; it is a study of basic biological systems emphasizing evolution, biodiversity, and physiological and morphological differences between organisms. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 132; corequisite: BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 134 - Introductory Biology I Laboratory


    This is a laboratory-based course to be taken with Introductory Biology I. This laboratory allows students to participate in the scientific method through various experiments. Students will perform hypothesis-based experiments on a variety of topics, which may include macromolecule composition, microscopy, osmolarity, enzyme activity, fermentation, and biotechnology. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Corequisite: BS 132)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 135 - Introductory Biology II Laboratory


    This is a laboratory-based course to be taken along with Introductory Biology II. Students will engage in experiments that focus on Mendelian and population genetics and microbiology. Additionally, students will observe live and preserved specimens to investigate plant and animal diversity. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 132 and BS 134; corequisite BS 133)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 136 - Phage Hunters I


    This course is the first in a 2-semester series that will provide students with a hands-on, discovery-based research experience. Using standard microbiological and molecular techniques, students will isolate, purify, and begin characterization of their own, novel bacteriophage. Further genetic characterization will be completed in the subsequent semester. Discoveries will contribute to a national database and may serve as the foundation for scientific publications. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Corequisite: BS 132)

    (Note: Open only to U1 Biological Sciences students (Biological Sciences, Biomedical Sciences, Medical Lab Sciences, Microbiology, Environmental Science programs) or by permission of the instructor.)

    Credits: 2

  
  •  

    BS 137 - Phage Hunters II


    This is the second course in a 2-semester series that will provide students with a hands-on, discovery-based research experience. In part one of the course students isolated, purified and had 2 bacteriophages sequenced. This semester students will analyze and annotate those DNA sequences using several computational programs. The sequence will then be published in the national GenBank database and may serve as the foundation for scientific publication. The semester will culminate with students completing an independent research project. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 132; corequisite: BS 133)

    (Note: Open only to U1 Biological Sciences students (Biological Sciences, Biomedical Sciences, Medical Lab Sciences, Microbiology, Environmental Science programs) or by permission of the instructor.)

    Credits: 2

  
  •  

    BS 200 - Animal Diversity and Morphology


    An introduction to the natural history, diversity, and functional anatomy of animals, stressing the theme of evolution.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 204 - Biological Sciences Colloquium


    Preparation for careers in biology, microbiology, environmental science, and the health professions; introduction to faculty research. Required for all second-year students in biological sciences; open to all interested students.
     

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 205 - Human Structure and Function I


    Organization of the human body and histology. Students will examine the histology, gross anatomy, and function of organs of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 206 - Human Structure and Function II


    Continuation of BS 205 - Human Structure and Function I. Organization of the human body and histology. Students will examine the histology, gross anatomy, and function of organs of the circulatory, digestive, respiratory, and excretory systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 205)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 207 - Human Structure and Function I Laboratory


    Organization of the human body and histology, microscopic examination of tissues and organs, followed by a study of the gross anatomy of the muscular and skeletal systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 205 or BS 310 or concurrent enrollment in either course)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 208 - Human Structure and Function II Laboratory


    Continuation of BS 207 - Human Structure and Function I Laboratory. A study of the organization and histology of the human circulatory, digestive, respiratory, and excretory systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 206 or BS 311 or concurrent enrollment in either)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 218 - Hematology (cross-listed as MT 218)


    Study of the blood and blood-forming tissues with emphasis on the cellular morphology and hematopoietic mechanisms of the red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Also covers a wide variety of clinical disorders, particularly those involving abnormally formed cellular elements and coagulation.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 219 - Basic Nutrition


    A basic course in understanding nutrition and its implications in the maintenance of good health.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137, and CH 102 or CH 112)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 220 - Plant Diversity and Morphology


    A study of the diversity that exists within the plant kingdom. Topics include evolutionary trends, functional anatomy, and ecological influences.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 230 - Basic Concepts and Procedures in Medical Laboratory Science


    Fundamentals in medical laboratory sciences.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 243 - Microbial Science


    This course will give students a solid foundation in the science of microbiology. Students will learn about the various types of microbiological life (bacteria, archaea, viruses and single cell eukaryotes) with a special emphasis on common themes. These include: classification, structure, growth, the flow of genetic information and relevance to human activity. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 or BS 133 and CH 102 or CH 112; corequisite: BS 244)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 244 - Microbial Science Laboratory


    This course introduces students to the growth, classification and manipulation of microorganisms in a laboratory setting. The laboratory introduces students to aseptic/sterile technique, normal microflora, microbiological media, microbial colony isolation, classic and modern microbiological techniques.

     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 or BS 133 and CH 102 or CH 112; corequisite: BS 243)

    Credits: 1

  
  •  

    BS 260 - Introduction to Neuroscience (cross-listed as NS 260)


    Introduction to neuron structure and function, synaptic transmission, organization of the nervous system, brain-behavior relationships, and current neuroscience methods. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 109 and BS 110 or BS 132 and BS 134 or BS 136)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 270 - Evolutionary Biology


    Principles of evolution and the study of the forces that drive change in populations and organisms.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)
    (Note: Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 276 - Introduction to Environmental Science


    This is an introductory course in environmental science. It is intended for any student who wants to gain a background in the major environmental issues of our present time. It will cover the issues of world population expansion, sustainability, and basic ecological principles in the context of energy issues, water and mineral resource issues, biodiversity, agricultural issues, and suburban sprawl. Pollution of the air we breathe and the water we drink will also be discussed. We will also examine the issues of solid waste disposal and the economics of environmental issues.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 277 - Introduction to Environmental Science Laboratory


    This is the laboratory component for the introductory course in environmental science. It is intended for any student who wants to gain a background in the major environmental issues of our present time. It will cover the issues of early industrialization of the United States, brownfields, landfills, sewage treatment plants, mining, and stream assessment, and students will visit a variety of habitats located in the Mid-Atlantic region.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137; corequisites: BS 276 and permission of instructor)

    Credits: 1
  
  •  

    BS 280 - Comparative Animal Physiology


    Study of organ and system functions in major invertebrate and vertebrate phyla.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137, and CH 102 or CH 112)
    (Note: Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 291 - Special Topics in Biological Sciences: 200 Level


    Bioscience topics of interest that are not covered in-depth in other courses. The course content is subject to change from one offering to the next.  As such, students may receive credit for this course more than once, provided that the title and subheadings indicate different material has been covered.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: Variable; if present, must not exceed the 100-level)

    (Course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 1-3

  
  •  

    BS 301 - Ethical Issues in Biological Sciences


    Students explore fundamental ethical issues relevant to the biological sciences. Emphasis will be on ethical dilemmas presented, and debated or discussed, to foster analytical and empathetic thinking within varied contexts. These contexts will include federal regulation and oversight; politico-legal perspectives (including civil liberties); human, wildlife, and ecological health and safety; and the public “right to know.”
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: second year undergraduate year or higher)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 304 - Toxic Natural Products


    Description and recognition, distribution and habitat, and toxic characteristics of potentially hazardous plants and animals, and the clinical management of intoxication with such substances.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 305 - Animal Behavior


    An introduction to the proximate causes and ultimate consequences of behavioral strategies used by individuals within a population. Specific questions concerning the behavior of individuals and populations of individuals are explored in a mechanistic and evolutionary context.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)
    (Note: Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 306 - Human Molecular and Cellular Biology


    An exploration of how human cells function with an emphasis on molecular techniques used to diagnose disease. Course will provide an introduction to foundational topics in molecular and cellular biology such as, DNA replication, transcription, translation, organelles, and cell division with application to human diseases, when such components and processes fail or are mutated. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 243 and BS 244) 

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 308 - Human Parasitology


    Survey of the geographic distribution, incidence, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control, and immunology of important parasitic diseases in humans. Emphasis is placed on relationship of culture and social customs to the life cycles of the parasites. Class discussions and presentations will focus on ethical implications of diagnoses, as well as related Western interventions in developing countries.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137, and CH 102 or CH 112 or CH 109)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 310 - Anatomy and Physiology I


    A systemic approach to the structure and function of the human. Organ systems studied include the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137, and CH 102 or CH 112 or CH 109)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 311 - Anatomy and Physiology II


    Continuation of BS 310; systemic approach to the structure and function of the human. Organ systems studied include endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, and excretory systems.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 310)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 318 - Biology of Aging


    Study of the aging process, including the role of evolution and genetics, systems review, probable causes, and major consequences of aging.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137 and CH 340, CH 341, or CH 346)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 326 - Plant Physiology


    Study of metabolism, development, water relations, and mineral nutrition of higher plants with molecular, cellular, and organismal considerations.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 336 - Pharmacognosy


    Chemistry, biosynthesis, and activity of medicinal substances of natural origin. Emphasis on natural products having clinical, ecological, agricultural, and forensic importance.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137, and CH 202 or CH 212)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 343 - Microbial Genetics


    Microbial genetics explores the mechanisms and regulation of information storage, duplication, transmission, and translation in living microorganisms. Major themes include DNA replication, mutation, and repair; gene expression; protein production and trafficking. Practical applications and fundamental discoveries will be emphasized. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 240 or BS 241 or BS 243)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 348 - Clinical Microbiology (cross-listed as MT 348)


    A survey of the various bacteria that cause human infections. The type of infection caused, portal of entry, molecular basis of the infection process, treatment, and laboratory identification are discussed for each group of organisms.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 243 and BS 244)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 350 - Trends in Applied Microbiology


    This course will feature new and relevant topics in the field of applied microbiology every year. Students will learn how microbes can be used and manipulated for a variety of useful applications - we will cover diverse topics, such as food microbiology, sociomicrobiology, synthetic biology or microbial engineering.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 240 or BS 241 or BS 242)

    (Note: Preference given to microbiology majors)

    Credits: 3

  
  •  

    BS 355 - Clinical Immunology


    Basic principles and types of immunity. Consideration of transplantation, AIDS, hypersensitivity, and tumor immunology of the human. Laboratory methods of serodiagnosis of disease and blood and tissue typing are emphasized.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 243 and BS 244)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 358 - Principles and Applications of Immunology


    Study of the principles and mechanisms of immunology and their applications to infection, hypersensitivity, autoimmunity, transplantation, cancer and AIDS.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 212)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 372 - Aquatic Biology


    A lecture and field course concerning the biological, physical, and chemical aspects of freshwater ecosystems. Includes collection, preservation, and recognition of aquatic organisms other than vertebrates and the study of those aspects of their biology that are important adaptations to aquatic life.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137, and permission of instructor)
    (Note: Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 375 - Environmental Microbiology


    Discussion of the role of microorganisms in global ecology and environmental quality, including methods of study, isolation, and analysis; relevant physical/biological chemistry; and applications of microbes to waste management, pest control, bioremediation, and ore leaching.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 243 and BS 244, and CH 202 or CH 212)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 377 - Ecology


    Consideration of the interaction of living organisms with the environment. Aquatic, terrestrial, and marine systems are examined.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137, and permission of instructor)
    (Note: Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 391 - Special Topics in Biological Sciences: 300 Level


    Bioscience topics of interest that are not covered in-depth in other courses. The course content is subject to change from one offering to the next.  As such, students may receive credit for this course more than once, provided that the title and subheadings indicate different material has been covered.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: Variable; if present, must not exceed the 200-level)

    (Course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 1-3

  
  •  

    BS 399 - Independent Study in Biological Sciences


    Available to motivated students to expand their knowledge in an area of particular interest under the direction of a member of the department. Student and faculty member usually plan a project prior to the semester in which the study is to begin.
    Variable hrs, depending on credits
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: permission of instructor and department chair)

    (Note: Course is repeatable for credit)

    Credits: 1 to 3

  
  •  

    BS 400 - Biology Internship


    Students participate in an intern experience in biological science, a structured series of modular experiences that provide exposure to varied aspects of biological investigations within the student’s chosen area of interest.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: the student must have earned 60 or more credits and a cumulative GPA of at least 2.5 in order to be eligible to take the internship course; the approval of the chair [or designee] of the Department of Biological Sciences is required for registration)

    Credits: 1 to 3
  
  •  

    BS 410 - Principles of Forensic Pathology


    Forensic pathology is the study of how and why people die. This course will provide foundational understanding of primary pathological findings in the physical, environmental, and social contexts that are used to explain and define cause of death diagnoses in a courtroom.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 311, BS 412, or PC 302)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 412 - Human Physiology


    Examination of critical concepts in human physiology from an integrative perspective common to current biomedical disciplines. Levels of organization within and between classical systems include skeletomuscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and digestive systems. Recommended for pre-professional students.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137 and CH 202 or CH 212, and PY 200 or PY 202 or PY 205 or PY 212)

    Credits: 4
  
  •  

    BS 415 - Modern Issues of Vaccinology


    An exploration of the history and scientific basis of vaccination through discussion, research, and social media. Current issues, such as vaccination against emerging pathogens and cancer, clinical trial design, and clinical administration will be considered as well as marketing, regulation and cultural attitudes towards vaccines. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 243 and BS 244) 

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 420 - Ethnobotany


    The study of the interactions of various human cultures with plants in the local environment. Topics on the use of plants in medicinal, ritual, and cultural contexts by various aboriginal cultures will be addressed.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)

    Credits: 2
  
  •  

    BS 425 - Neuroscience (cross-listed as PT 425)


    A study of the basic principles and concepts related to the nervous system. The development and changes of the nervous system, and subsequently the individual, across the life span provides the foundation for understanding the brain-behavior relationship. Emphasis is placed on the role of the nervous system in normal physiologic function with particular emphasis on sensorimotor behavior. Neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and an introduction to neuropathology are included.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 311 or BS 412)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 428 - Neuropsychology (cross-listed as NS 428 and PS 428)


    This course is designed to introduce upper-level students interested in careers in medicine, clinical psychology, and related health science disciplines to the structure-function relationships of the human brain. The course emphasizes adult brain anatomy and function. The behavioral effects of brain damage (e.g., agnosia, neglect, aphasia, apraxia, amnesia) will be related to neuropsychological theories of brain function and examined in depth through readings, case material, and presentations. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: PS 101 and BS 119 and BS 120 or BS 133 and BS 135 or BS 137)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 430 - Molecular Basis of Neurological Disorders


    Students will explore the molecular underpinnings of different neurological disorders and diseases, such as neurodegenerative disorders (Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s Disease, etc.), addiction, and epilepsy. Through primary literature, discussion, and inquiry-based learning, students will also learn about the research methodology and model systems used to make advances in the investigation of these diseases and disorders. 

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 260, NS 260, or PS 260)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 431 - Genes and Brains (cross-listed as NS 431)


    Advances in the fields of neuroscience and genetics have begun to unravel complex ways in which our genes control proper functioning and dysfunctioning of our brains. In this course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE), students investigate emerging ideas in neurogenetics through rigorous and collaborative laboratory-based research. Students apply the scientific method to test hypotheses, collect and interpret data, and examine broader relevance of their experiments through analysis of primary literature.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (PrerequisiteBS 260 or NS 260)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 440 - Environmental Toxicology


    Courses covers the physiological and systemic interaction of environmental pollutants with plants and animals.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 280, BS 311, or PC 302; CH 341 is desirable)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 441 - No Microbe Is an Island: The Social Life of Microbes


    Microbes do not live in isolation. More commonly microbes live in association with one another and with non-microbial host organisms. Students will use the primary literature to explore selected topics in sociomicrobiology, including: quorum sensing, biofilms, interkingdom communication, symbioses, and microbiomes.

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisite: BS 240 OR BS 241 OR (BS 243 AND BS 244))

    Credits: 3
  
  •  

    BS 450 - Virology


    The study of bacterial, plant, and animal viruses is presented with an emphasis on animal virology. Viral taxonomy, mechanisms of viral reproduction and replication, and the pathology of selected viral families are presented.
     

    Prerequisites & Notes
    (Prerequisites: BS 243 and BS 244, and CH 341)
    (Offered in alternate years)

    Credits: 3
 

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